Top 40 Native plants for Australian gardens.

Native Australian Plants at Roses Victoria

Located at the centre of Australia’s lively horticultural community, Roses Victoria represents the country’s rich and varied flora. This respected nursery houses many beautiful roses and provides a safe space for numerous Australian native plants.

Whether you aim to establish an Australian native garden or are searching for the ideal native plants for Australian gardens, Roses Victoria shows a diverse collection of botanical wonders. With knowledgeable assistance, individuals ranging from amateur gardeners to experienced horticulturists can access the help they need to nurture their portion of Australia’s natural beauty.

Growing Australian natives in your garden enables you to celebrate an extraordinary and often overlooked natural heritage in your own outdoor space while also allowing you to create a sustainable, low-maintenance habitat for wildlife. T dollar gum tree – pictured with a grey mallee spider underneath – and ants often live in exciting symbiosis.

Native plants are perfectly adapted to everything the Continent offers, collectively and individually: enormous variations of climate and soil type, from arid, tropical, cool-temperate and subarctic regions to scorching summer heat and bitterly cold winters. With over an estimated 27,000 species of native plants present in this country today, a botanical treasure trove is at your disposal, whatever your intention in gardening – whatever your ‘flavour’.

Are you after colourful wildflowers, prickly, striking foliage, or striking shapes? Are you looking for plants that attract native fauna? Our list of the best native plants for Australian gardens has all that and more.

yellow flowers

What are the Top 40 Native Plants for Australian Gardens?

Grasses:

Grasses are vital to most Australian landscapes and contribute to healthy and robust ecosystems. Our native grasses, such as Lomandra and Poa, help to filter water while combatting erosion, provide shelter and food to our fauna, and battle degradation and species extinction. Native grasses are helpful, multipurpose, and challenging—the hallmark of genius.

No soil type is too acidic, and no climate is too hot or cold for native grass. From the roadside to the natural bush, our native grasses have found their place and are well-equipped to handle it. From mown turf to natives, every garden needs some ground cover. Any garden worth its name has a lovely, dappled, chocolate-box place for a tidy turf. Grass’s other appeal is its flexibility.

Grasses complement garden beds or riverbeds, underplant or cover. They have various textures and colours, varieties that stand erect and others with graceful, flowing foliage and large clumps that seem scaled to a child’s space. Now and then, the clumps of foliage explode in slender flowers. Grasses make gardens beautiful, calming, and natural.

Some of the best types of grasses to have in your garden.

  • Conostylis ‘Silver Sunrise’ – grey foliage
  • Libertia paniculata – Flag Grass

‘Meeboldina ‘Velvet Rush’ – velvet brown flowers

ground covers

Groundcovers:

Groundcovers are an integral part of the Australian landscape. Filling spaces between larger plants, these low-growing plants help reduce erosion, suppress weeds, and retain soil moisture. Many different species of native groundcovers have evolved across the Continent’s varied climates, soils, and vegetation types, allowing them to thrive in sunny or shady conditions.

Once established, many native groundcovers require minimal maintenance. These easy-to-care-for plants are ideal for low-maintenance gardens and landscape restoration projects. Native groundcovers often possess attractive foliage and may occasionally provide a burst of flowers.

These diverse plants form a community of growth behind the main elements of the landscape, add texture to outdoor spaces, and provide habitat for native fauna. These are some of the best types of groundcovers to have in your garden.

  • Actinotus helianthi ‘Starbright’ – Flannel Flower – grey foliage
  • Austromyrtus dulcis x tenufolia ‘Çopper Tops’ – Midyim Berry – edible berry
  • Bracteantha ‘Dargan Hill’ – Paper Daisy
  • Chrysocephalum apiculatum – Yellow Buttons
  • Grevillea sericea ‘Pink Midget’ – flowers all year
  • Hakea myrtoides x petiolaris ‘Burrendong Beauty’ – winter flowering
  • Lasiopetalum ‘Bronze Velvet’ – attractive foliage
  • Rulingea hermannifolia – attractive foliage
Climber trees

Climbers:

Climbing plants feature prominently in most Australian backyards because they produce foliage and flowers that climb to add verticality to the garden, onto a shaded pergola for birds, bees and butterflies, and to create ground cover – providing ecosystem services and beauty.

Native climbers that form biotic corridors and provide food sources for native wildlife are increasingly sought-after; much is being learned about perennial climbers such as Hardenbergia (a flowering native vine) and Pandorea (adaptable to both urban and rural spaces to provide cut flowers and native bird habitat).

Gardeners rave about the flowers of these vigorous-growing plants, which are used in green walls and city trees to combat the urban heat island effect. These are some of the best types of climbers to have in your garden.

  • Hibbertia scandens – Guinea Flower – yellow flowers
  • Kennedia nigricans – Black Coral Pea – black and yellow flowers

 

australian shrubs

Shrubs:

You can’t visit most Australian gardens without noticing the shrubs. Sitting neatly with a dog fence at the boundary of a front garden or forming a dense patch at the rear, they often grace their fronts. Denizens of Australian gardens provide structure, colour and a vital habitat for native wildlife of all sizes.

Flowers on native shrubs such as Grevillea and Banksia are prized for their striking colours and intricate shapes, which are beautiful and attract all sorts of local birds, bees and other pollinators. Shrubs come in a dizzying range of sizes and forms, from compact shrubs to sprawling climbers. For nearly every garden style or purpose, there is a native shrub that fits the bill nicely.

Strength in a harsh environment—their verdant beauty contrasting the hot, dry, and poor soil conditions they have adapted to—makes these native Australian plants a vital contribution to the beauty and sustainability of our gardens. They are some of the best types of shrubs to have in your garden.

  • Acacia howittii ‘Honey Bun’ – foliage
  • Alpinia caerulea ‘Red Back’ – Native Ginger – burgundy backed leaves/edible fruit and roots
  • Baeckea virgata ‘Dwarf’
  • Banksia spinulosa ‘Bush Candles’
  • Callistemon ‘Hot Pink’ – Dwarf Bottlebrush
  • Chorizema cordatum – Coral Flame Pea
  • Correa alba – White Correa
  • Correa ‘Little Cate’ – autumn and winter flowering
  • Correa ‘Marions Marvel’ – autumn and winter flowering
  • Epacris longiflora – Native Fuchsia
  • Eremophila nivea – Emu Bush
  • Grevillea ‘Peaches and Cream’ – flowers all year
  • Lasiopetalum baueri – Slender Velvet Bush
  • Rhagodia spinescens ‘Silver Border’ – Saltbush – silver-grey foliage
  • Philotheca ‘Flower Girl’ – Wax Flower
Australian trees

Trees:

It’s no secret that the strength and diversity of Australian landscapes is based on trees. They provide a leafy canopy, cool shade and shelter, and a home for almost every Australian creature that walks, climbs, flies, swims or flies. Trees serve as ‘keystone species’ across varying ecosystems.

In contrast, certain iconic native trees are ingrained in Australia’s cultural history, recognised from coast to coastal mountain range as symbols of drought, fire, beauty and ecological importance. But what exactly are these native trees, and why are they such vital components of Australia’s landscape? Native trees can be broken down into the sun-loving, heat-seeking, fire-resistant Eucalypt and Acacia (a sub-genus under the Eucalypt name).

From the western ‘ghost gums’ of Acacia homaloclada to the eastern wet eucalypts of E partial and from the southwestern Wandoo (E occidentalis) to the north’s bonsai-like Moreton Bay (E camaldulensis), the diversity in trunk height/thickness, leaf shape and branch structure among native trees is immense (not to mention the countless cultivated varieties).

Native trees are the classic blueprint for gardens across Australia, suited to a variety of ofums (E nivalis) of the Alps and the Ivy, Bottlebrush (Callistemon) and Lemon Myrtle (Backhousia citricida) of temperate gardens and parks. Not groundwater collection and erosion prevention, they also function as natural oxygen-generators by detoxifying the air and releasing valuable moisture slowly into groundwater.

With such an immense impact on an ecosystem level, native trees exemplify the macro-effects of environmental micro-improvements. They are some of the best types of trees to have in your garden.

  • Acacia coven – Blue Bush Wattle – winter flowering/silver foliage
  • Agonis ‘flexuosa ‘Burgundy’ – Burgundy Willow Myrtle – burgundy foliage/weeping
  • Angophora hispida – Dwarf Apple
  • Backhousia citriodora – Lemon Myrtle – lemon scented foliage – edible
  • Banksia serrata – Old Man Banksia
  • Elaeocarpus reticularis ‘Prima Donna’ – Blueberry Ash – pink flowers
  • Eucalyptus sideroxylon ‘Rosea’ – striking habit
  • Hibiscus tiliaceus ‘Rubra’ – burgundy foliage
  • Tristaniopsis laurina – Water Gum – yellow flowers/attractive bark
Large Shrubs

Large Shrubs:

The role played by large shrubs in Australian gardens has been fundamental since the inception of many formal and informal designed landscapes in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Large, shrubby plants provide focal points to compose the sculptural frame of a garden, act as a privacy screen, and form a backdrop for viewing other landscape elements.

More importantly, they provide a habitat for native fauna that relies on Australian native flora and fauna for food and shelter. Two genera—Leptospermum (tea trees) and Melaleuca (paperbarks, myrtles)—are internationally renowned for their adaptive characteristics, dense foliage, and floral displays.

Native large shrubs have established their place in commercial, residential, and garden landscapes both as an ornamental display and for their resilience, which allows them to thrive in many soil types, in inland and coastal climates, in full sun to part shade, and with only occasional watering and irrigation.

Given their willingness to occupy particular places and adaptive value, large native shrubs add ornamental and ecological value to Australian gardens and other landscapes. These plants’ aesthetic and environmental capacity have significantly enhanced the quality of outside spaces. They are some of the best types of shrubs to have in your garden.

  • Grevillea ‘Dorothy Gordon’ – mauve flowers
  • Grevillea ‘Sylvia’ – watermelon-coloured flowers
  • Leptospoermum ‘Lemon Hedge’ – Lemon Scented Tea Tree – scented foliage

Where to Find the Top Native Plants for Australian Gardens?

Nurseries or garden centres that stock a range of native perennials and annuals aren’t tricky to find; most large locales have at least one. Online nurseries and floral retailers specialising in Australian flora are increasingly emerging. Find out more about Australian Native Plants here.

Your local botanical gardens or a conservation organisation might have a native plant nursery or run propagation workshops and sales to raise funds. Not only will you find that what self-pollinates and self-sows prolifically in others’ gardens will thrive in your bioregion, but native plant societies and informal community plant swaps are excellent for collecting rare and hard-to-find species from fellow enthusiasts.

Australian Gardens: Embracing Native Plant Diversity

It has been in and around Australian gardens where portable and interchangeable versions of the Continent’s flora are saving and celebrating this diversity. With these gardens, we’re building beautiful and sustainable places, healthy habitats for Australia’s flora and fauna and an appreciation of the diversity of native plants and places for the nation’s future.

From South-West Australia to New South Wales’ coastal landscapes, the plants grown in gardens help to replicate and protect the beauty and biodiversity of the Continent’s landscapes.

Discovering the Beauty of Native Plants in Australian Gardens

The diversity of form, colour and texture in Australian native plant life – shaped by millennia of unique ecological history and a constantly challenging environment – is infinitely rewarding to the gardener. Each species has something unique, from the tiny fairy orchids to the flamboyant flowering foliage of banksias and grevilleas.

Exploring the wide variety of native plants available is the key to designing lush, vibrant, and ecologically resilient gardens that reward their owners with a burst of colour and beauty and celebrate the biodiversity of our native flora.

Best Native Plants for Australian Gardens

It is important to select native plant species appropriate for your region’s climate, soil and available sunlight. Choose native plants to fit your place and create an attractive and thriving garden. Choose native plants that provide food and shelter for native wildlife. A garden made up of a wide range of diverse native plants is not only ecologically sustainable but also beautiful and captivating.

Growing Native Plants in Australian Gardens

Establishing native plants in Australian gardens is relatively straightforward. Select plants appropriate to your local climate and soil conditions — most natives will grow best in well-drained soils in full sun. Still, some species and cultivars will also tolerate understory shade or wetter conditions.

Natives can be pruned to maintain plant form and encourage flowering. Mulch around the bases of plants to conserve soils and suppress weeds. If you do all this and plant natives that fit well with your climate and site, beauty and biodiversity will be attracted to these native gardeners!

Contact Us

For those looking to infuse their gardens with the charm and elegance of roses or to embrace the rugged beauty of Australian native plants, Roses Victoria is your go-to destination. Their extensive collection caters to all your horticultural desires, ensuring every garden can flourish into a picturesque oasis. To transform your green spaces with the vibrant hues and varied textures that Roses Victoria offers ,contact us. Our team is ready to assist you in selecting the perfect plants to enhance the beauty of your haven.